The Pontifical of Renaud de Bar
Renaud de Bar and Jeanne de Toucy
Renaud de Bar, who served as canon at the Cathedral of Verdun and provost of St Mary Magdalene before becoming bishop of Metz in 1303, was a prominent member of the Lorraine nobility.
He was the son of Thibaut II, Count of Bar, and Jeanne de Châtillon-Toucy. His arms (azure two barbels addorsed crusily fitchy or) emblazoned on several folios, were overpainted by a later owner (e.g. fol. 1r). His mother’s arms of Chatillon-Toucy (gules three pales vair, in chief or four martlets gules) also occur in the manuscript (e.g. the initials D on fols. 4v and 40v). The initials on fols. 8v and 74v, which include fish motifs, possibly allude to the pair of barbels (carp-like fish) in the Bar family arms. The arms of Bar and Châtillon-Toucy are intact in the Prague part of the Pontifical (National Library of the Czech Republic, MS XXIII.C.120).