The Missal of Cardinal Angelo Acciaiuoli

Bartolomeo di Fruosino (1366 or 1369-1441)


There is no consensus on works attributed to Fruosino before 1410, which makes his documented contribution to Acciaiuoli’s Missal particularly important. The only payment to Fruosino recorded in the accounts – one golden florin paid on 30 September 1405 – is for twenty-seven illuminations in a single quire of the Missal. These are probably the twenty-seven ornamental initials painted in two bifolios (fols. 131-132 and fols. 273-274) which Fruosino must  have completed and submitted together. Some of the initials sprout caricature-like heads comparable to the caricature-like facial types found in Fruosino’s later works.