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The Last of England, painting by Ford Madox Brown, 1860

Brown’s painting was inspired by the departure of his friend, the sculptor Thomas Woolner, and his family to seek their fortune in Australia in July 1852. This was part of a mass emigration in the mid-nineteenth century, when some ten thousand British citizens left for Australia and New Zealand, most emigrants heading for the goldfields in New South Wales. This is a replica, painted in 1860, of the original painting of 1855 to 1856 (Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery).