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This counterfeit of a Bank of England five pound note was produced in a German concentration camp during World War II as part of ‘Operation Bernhard’, which was named after its organizer, SS Major Bernhard Krüger. The plan was to undermine the British economy and war effort by destroying confidence in Sterling, while at the same time providing cash for secret operations against the Allies. Between 1942 and 1945 nearly nine million counterfeit notes were produced, but most of them were never put into circulation. The concentration camp prisoners who made the notes survived the war, although the SS had intended to kill them.