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Two kundika (water sprinkler)

The education of the aristocracy in Korea during the Koryo period was strongly influenced by Confucianism, but the dominant religion was Buddhism, which had been introduced from China in the late fourth century. Numerous Buddhist temples and monasteries were built during the Koryo period, and were lavishly endowed with sculptures and other religious artefacts. Many of those used in rituals were cast in bronze. They included temple bells, often of immense size, incense burners and tall spouted vessels called kundika or chongbyong, which were used for sprinkling water to purify the ground. The kundika were of Indian origin, and had been brought with Buddhism to China and Korea. This form with a faceted mouth, a typically Korean feature, was common during the second half of the eleventh century and the twelfth. The vessel was filled through the squat spout in the body, which was closed by a hinged lid. Koryo potters imitated bronze kundika in stoneware with blue-green or grey-green celadon glaze, which was admired by connoisseurs in Korea and China. This example with subtle underglaze decoration of incised cloud scrolls and peonies, flying cranes among clouds, and ducks and geese between willow trees and reeds.