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Maker/s

Unknown (maker)

Unknown (maker)

Collection

Messel-Rosse Collection

Category

fans

Name

folding fan

School/Style

Baroque

Description

Folding fan, double leaf of skin strengthened with net, painted in water colours and gilt. Sticks of ivory, shaped, pierced and strengthened at the upper and lower ends with mother-of-pearl and brass (19+2). Rivet with mother-of-pearl button and washers.

Double leaf of skin strengthened with net, painted in water colours and gilt. Sticks of ivory, shaped, pierced and strengthened at the upper and lower ends with mother-of-pearl and brass (19+2). Rivet with mother-of-pearl button and washers. Front: in the middle within an oval baroque cartouche, a shepherd kneels in front of a sleeping woman, besides whom stands Cupid holding a clock. On each side, reserved in a grand decoupé and pricked with foliate scrolls, there are two small vertical panels painted in imitation of red and gold lacquer, and four painted in colours with figures. The lower edge and left side have gilt formal borders. Reverse: In the middle within an oval baroque cartouche, there is a rocky wooded landscape through which runs a river towards a harbour, painted en camaieu in crimson. The lower edge and the left side have formal gilt borders. Sticks: the lower part of each is shaped and pierced to produce a row of daisy-like motifs, above which is a row of shells and a row of oval shaped pierced and carved with men playing musical instruments, putti, hounds and birds standing by baskets of fruit. Guards: carved in low relief below the shoulder with a man dancing, and above with a woman holding a scroll, a sunflower and an Oriental holding a spear. The back of the leading guard is plain; the back of the other is carved in low relief with a sunflower over a shell.

Production Notes

Three other decoupé fans of similar type are known, in the Royal Collection, Windsor, in the Bayerischen Nationalmuseum, Munich, and in the Barisch collection, Bielefeld. Some authorities have attributed this and three other decoupé fans with comparable decoration to Germany, and some, to Italy.

The Cupid holding a clock conveys the message that youth, beauty, and ardour are limited by the passing of time

Production Place

Germany (maker) (country) ()

Italy (maker) (country) ()

Technique Description

Double leaf of skin strengthened with net, painted in bodycolour and gilt. Sticks of ivory, shaped, pierced and strengthened at the upper and lower ends with mother-of-pearl and brass (19+2). Rivet with mother-of-pearl button and washers

Dimensions

length: (guards): 27.9 cm
width: (whole): 44.0 cm

Period

early 18th Century

Date

circa 1700 to 1710

Provenance

bought: Anne, Countess of Rosse 1985-01-28 (Filtered for: Applied Arts collection)

Colonel Leonard C. Messel (1872-1953); his daughter Anne, Countess of Rosse (1902-1992)

Purchased with a grant from the National Heritage Memorial Fund and a gift from the Friends of the Fitzwilliam

Documentation

  1. Armstrong, Nancy (1985) Fans from the Fitzwilliam. A Selection from the Messel-Rosse Collection, Cambridge (Cambs.): Fitzwilliam Museum Enterprises Ltd [page: pl. 3]
    [comments: Publ.]
  2. Melville, Beryl (1987) The Fan and Lace, London [page: 28]
    Source title: Fans, The Bulletin of the Fan Circle International (1987)
    [comments: Publ.]
  3. Catalani, Carla (1966) Waaiers, Bussum, Holland: C.A.J. van Dishoeck [page: pl. 49] 1966)
    [comments: Publ.]
  4. Gostelow, Mary (1976) The Fan, Dublin: Gill and Macmillan [page: 58] 1976)
    [comments: Publ. p. 58, pl. 5]
  5. G.B. Hughes Fans, Exotic and Rare, London [page: 653]
    Source title: Country Life (28 March 1963)
    [comments: Publ. p. 653, fig. 5]
  6. Woolliscroft Rhead, G. (1910) The History of the Fan, London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner [page: 106]
    [comments: Publ.]
  7. Thornton, Peter K. Une des plus belles collections d'eventails du monde, [page: 99]
    Source title: Connaissance des Arts (April 1963)
    [comments: Publ. p. 99, no. 6]
  8. Armstrong, Nancy The Enigma of the Four Decoupé Fans, Part IV, [page: 31-39]
    Source title: Fans, The Bulletin of The Fan Circle International (Winter 1993)
    [comments: On going article]
  9. Armstrong, Nancy The Enigma of the Four Decoupé Fans, Part IV, [page: 8-14]
    Source title: Fans, The Bulletin of The Fan Circle International (Winter 1993)
    [comments: On going article]
  10. Armstrong, Nancy The Enigma of the Four Decoupé Fans, Part IV, [page: 19-27]
    Source title: Fans, The Bulletin of The Fan Circle International (Winter 1993)
    [comments: Publ., p. 22 with detail on p. 23. On going article]
  11. Armstrong, Nancy The Enigma of the Four Decoupé Fans, Part IV, [page: 17-25]
    Source title: Fans, The Bulletin of The Fan Circle International (Winter 1993)
    [comments: On going article]
  12. Durian-Ress, Saskia (1987) Fächer, Kunst und Mode aus fünf Jahrhunderten, Munich: Hirmer Verlag [page: 58]
    [comments: Cf. No. 4, illustrated in colour on p. 56 (front) and p. 57 (back). The author suggests Ignaz Preissler as a possible painter, and compares the fan with the Fitzwilliam Museum's example.]
  13. Barisch, Marie-Louise (2003) Fächer, Spiegelbilder ihrer Zeit, Munich: Hirmer Verlag [page: 52-3]
    [comments: Cf. pp. 52-3, no. 19, decorated on the front with the Triumph of Galatea, and on the back with a crimson monochrome landscape, attributed doubtfully to Ignaz Preissler, Germany, c. 1710-20.]
  14. Roberts, Jane (2005) Unfolding Pictures, Fans in the Royal Collection, London: Royal Collection Enterprises Limited [page: 38-9, 196]
    [comments: Cf. pp. 38-9, no. 2, and p. 196, no. 2, a comparable fan decorated with 'Diana with nymphs at play' on the front, and with a crimson monochrome shaw scene on the reverse. The authors attribute the fan to Italian, c. 1700, and do not support an attribution to Ignaz Preissler (1676-1741).]

Other Notes

Accession Number

M.8-1985 (Applied Arts)
(Reference Number: 117594; Input Date: 2004-12-07 / Last Edit: 2011-06-30)

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