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Orlando finds Ruggiero's Charger Frontino, his Armour and Sword on board an abandoned Ship


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Title/s

Orlando finds Ruggiero's Charger Frontino, his Armour and Sword on board an abandoned Ship

Maker/s

Avelli, Francesco Xanto (painter) [ULAN info: Italian pottery painter, act.1530-1542]

Raimondi, Marcantonio after (engraver) [ULAN info: Italian artist, 1470/1482-1527/1534]

Category

tin-glazed earthenware
maiolica (sub-category)

Name

plate

School/Style

Renaissance

Description

Maiolica plate, painted in polychrome with Orlando finds Ruggiero's Charger Frontino, his Armour and Sword on board an abandoned Ship.

Pale buff earthenware, tin-glazed overall; there is a fault in the glaze on the left of the front; the reverse is off-white. Painted in blue, green, turquoise-green, yellow, orange, stone, brown, manganese-purple, black, and white. Shape 52. Circular with a wide, gently sloping rim and shallow well, slightly and unevenly convex in the middle. Orlando finds Ruggiero's Charger Frontino, his Armour and Sword on board an abandoned Ship. Oliver stands on the right holding Ruggiero's armour. Brandimarte is aboard the ship, holding out his arms towards Frontino, who is partly hidden by three shields and an awning. Orlando, girt with the sword Balisarda, sits with his back to the viewer on a rock in the foreground. Hanging from the mast is a shield, charged with the Pucci arms argent, a moor's head proper wearing a headband argent charged with three hammers sable, with behind, a papal ombrellino. In the background to left there is a tree, and on the right, a rocky island. The edge is yellow. The back is inscribed in the middle in dark blue: `.1532./Nel agitato Legno truova/Orlando di Ruggier' l'armi/Nel.XXXVII. cato del furioso d/.M.L. Ariosto./fra: Xato .A./da Rouigoi /Urbino.' (In the tossing vessel Orlando finds Ruggiero's arms, In the 37th canto of the furioso of Messer Ludovico Ariosto. Francesco Xanto Avelli da Rovigo in Urbino.).

Production Notes

Xanto was a freelance painter, it is now known in which workshop this dish was made. He constructed the scene with figures taken from the Abduction of Helen, engraved by Marcantonio Raimondi after Raphael.

Production Place

Urbino (painter) (place)

The Marches (painter) (region)

Italy (painter) (country)

Italy (engraver) (country) ()

Technique Description

Pale buff earthenware, tin-glazed overall; there is a fault in the glaze on the left of the front; the reverse is off-white. Painted in blue, green, turquoise-green, yellow, orange, stone, brown, manganese-purple, black, and white.

Dimensions

height: (whole): 2.7 cm
diameter: (whole): 26.5 cm

Period

16th century
Renaissance

Date

1532

Provenance

bequeathed: Horn, Marmaduke Langdale 1953 (Filtered for: Applied Arts collection)

The Rev. Thomas A. Berney by 1862; Miss Berney; Sotheby's, 18 June 1946, Catalogue of fine Italian majolica, medieval and renaissance works of art, etc. . . . The property of Miss Berney formed by the late Rev. Thomas A. Berney, Bracon Hall, Norfolk, lot 22; Alfred Spero; Marmaduke Langdale Horn.

M.L. Horn Bequest

Inscriptions/Marks

  1. inscription
    Position: on base
    Method: inscribed in dark blue
    Content: .1532./Nel agitato Legno truova/Orlando di Ruggier' l'armi/Nel.XXXVII. cato del furioso d/.M.L. Ariosto./fra: Xato .A./da Rouigoi /Urbino.
    Description:
    Interpretation: date, subject on the front, literary source, and signature of painter
    Language: Italian
    Translation: In the tossing vessel Orlando finds Ruggiero's arms, In the 37th canto of the furioso of Messer Ludovico Ariosto. Francesco Xanto Avelli da Rovigo in Urbino.
  2. label
    Method: typed
    Content: From the Pucco [sic] service
    Description: rectangular

Documentation

  1. Sotheby's (1946) Catalogue of fine Italian majolica, medieval and renaissance works of art, etc. . . . The property of Miss Berney formed by the late Rev. Thomas A. Berney, Bracon Hall, Norfolk, London18th June 1946)
    [comments: Publ. lot 22]
  2. (1862) Special Exhibition of Works of Art of the Mediaeval, Renaissance and More Recent Periods, London [page: p. 431]
    [comments: Publ. p. 431, no. 5147]
  3. Rackham, Bernard (1932) The Berney Collection of Italian Maiolica, London [page: 214]
    Source title: Burlington Magazine (November 1932)
    [comments: Publ.]
  4. Triolo, Julia Francesco Xanto Avelli's Pucci Service (1532-1533): Part Two, [page: 241-3]
    Source title: Faenza (1988)
    [comments: Publ. p. 241-3, no. 8 and pl. XXXIVa & b. See also the entries for the other dishes in the service]
  5. Triolo, Julia (1988) Francesco Xanto Avelli's Pucci Service (1532-1533: Part One, Faenza [page: 32-43]
    Source title: Faenza (1988)
    [comments: Ref. For information about the servce]
  6. Rasmussen, Jörg (1989) The Robert Lehman Collection X Italian Majolica, New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, in association with Princeton U.P. [page: 256]
    [comments: Publ. 80.29]
  7. Wilson, Timothy (1990) Xanto and Ariosto, London [page: 323]
    Source title: Burlington Magazine (May 1990)
    [comments: Publ. p. 323, fig. 18 and text pp. 325-6]
  8. Poole, Julia E. (1995) Italian Maiolica and Incised Slipware in the Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge, Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Press [page: 340-2]
    [comments: Publ. pp. 340-2, no. 329; the print source, p. 342, fig. 32]
  9. Poole, Julia E. (1997) Fitzwilliam Museum Handbooks, Italian Maiolica, Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Press [page: 66-7]
    [comments: Publ. p. 66-7, no. 28]

Other Notes

This is one of thirty-six dishes recorded from a service bearing the arms of a member of the Pucci family of Florence. The identity of the owner of the service is uncertain. Piero Maria Pucci of Florence (b. 1467) is one member of the family who has been suggested. Most of the dishes are decorated with scenes from classical mythology or history, but this dish and another in the British Museum differ in having scenes from one of the greatest romantic epic poems, Orlando Furioso by Ludovico Ariosto (1474-1533). The action shown on the Fitzwilliam's dish takes place after the hero, Ruggiero, had abandoned his ship in a storm off the coast of Egypt, leaving on board his horse, Frontino, his armour and his magic sword, Belisarda. These were found by a Christian warrior, Orlando, who took the sword for himself, and distributed the armour and horse to his companions, Oliviero, and Brandimarte, in preparation for a battle with a Saracen, Gradasso.

Accession Number

C.10-1953 (Applied Arts)
(Reference Number: 79992; Input Date: 2002-07-08 / Last Edit: 2011-06-30)

Related Object

C.11-1953 - Ulysses commanding Circe to restore his Companions to their Rightful Forms

Related Image/s

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