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Maker/s

Milan Marsyas Painter probably (painter)

Category

tin-glazed earthenware
maiolica

Name

dish

School/Style

Renaissance

Description

Maiolica dish, painted in polychrome with Mount Parnassus, Apollo, Euterpe and Erato.

Dish. Pale yellowish buff earthenware, tin-glazed overall. There is a fault in the glaze on the left of the rim and on the reverse it is pale beige and thinly applied. Painted in blue, green, yellow, orange, brown, black, grey, and white. Shape 55. Circular with broad, sloping rim, shallow well and convex centre. Parnassus. In the middle, Apollo sits playing a lyre in front of three trees. On the left, the Muse Euterpe sits holding a trumpet, and on the right, the Muse Erato, holding pipes. On each side a poet stands beside a tree; the one on the left looks away from the central group, the other towards it, holding his right index finger to his lips. Behind the figures there is a landscape and below, a window frame. On the upper right side there is a shield of Tuscan form, charged with the arms azure, an eagle displayed argent. The edge is yellow.

Production Place

Urbino (painter) (place)

The Marches (painter) (region)

Italy (painter) (country)

Technique Description

Pale yellowish buff earthenware, tin-glazed overall. There is a fault in the glaze on the left of the rim and on the reverse it is pale beige and thinly applied. Painted in blue, green, yellow, orange, brown, black, grey, and white.

Dimensions

height: (whole): 4.1 cm
diameter: (whole): 30.7 cm

Period

16th century
Renaissance

Date

circa 1530 to 1531

Provenance

bequeathed: Marlay, Charles Brinsley 1912 (Filtered for: Applied Arts collection)

G.H. Morland; Christie's, 11 May 1866, Catalogue of a very choice and important collection of objects of art and vertu formed during a long series of years by that well-known connoisseur G.H. Morland Esq., lot 463; sold to Whitehead. C.B. Marlay before 1887.

C.B. Marlay Bequest

Documentation

  1. Christie's (1866) Catalogue of a very choice and important collection of objects of art and vertu formed during a long series of years by that well-known connoisseur G.H. Morland Esq., 8-12 May 1866, London: Christie's 8-12 May 1866)
    [comments: Publ. lot 463]
  2. Burlington Fine Arts Club (1887) Catalogue of Specimens of Hispano-Moresque and Majolica Pottery Exhibited in 1887, London: Burlington Fine Arts Club [page: p. 53]
    [comments: Publ. p. 53, no. 366]
  3. Mallet, J.V.G. (1988) Xanto: i suoi compagni e seguaci, Rovigo [page: p. 94]
    Source title: Francesco Xanto Avelli da Rovigo, Atti del Convegno Internazionale di Studi (
    [comments: Publ. p. 94, pl. 5 upper, old photograph of the dish.]
  4. Poole, Julia E. (1995) Italian Maiolica and Incised Slipware in the Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge, Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Press [page: pp. 317-9]
    [comments: Publ. pp. 317-9, no. 382; for the printed source of the design see p. 318, fig. 19]
  5. Oberhuber, Konrad (1978) The Illustrated Bartsch: The Works of Marcantonio Raimondi and of his School, vols 26-27, New York: Abaris Books [page: 244]
    [comments: Ref. p. 244, no. 247, Parnassus by Marcantonio Raimondi after Raphael]

Other Notes

The scene was derived from the engraving by Marcantonio Raimondi after a preparatory drawing by Raphael for his fresco of Parnassus, in the Stanza della Segnatura in the Vatican. All the figures other than Apollo, two Muses and two poets have been omitted; the trees and, curiously, the window frame, have been retained, and a landscape background has been inserted.

Accession Number

MAR.C.61-1912 (Applied Arts)
(Reference Number: 79759; Input Date: 2002-07-02 / Last Edit: 2011-05-03)

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