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Maker/s

Unknown (potter)

Collection

Oscar Raphael

Category

fritware (stonepaste)
Islamic pottery (sub-category)Minai (sub-category)

Name

bowl

School/Style

Seljuk

Description

fritware painted in five colours in or on a white glaze and gilded

buff fritware, wheel thrown, coated in an opaque white, crazed glaze with slip to create relief effect. Painted in the glaze in blue, turquoise and purple and red, black with gold leaf gilding over the glaze. Shape: hemispherical bowl on a low, wide foot ring Interior: the rim is gilded with small regular relief bosses. On the neck, a frieze containing blue Arabic script interspersed with turquoise leaves and red dots all separated by blue roundels containing wavey lines. In the roundel, a horseman wearing a turquoise tunic, with a quiver and arrows hanging from his belt, rides a blue horse with red ears and hooves; all of which are outlined in black with red and gold highlights and discreet areas of relief. In the background, scrolling vegetation, on which birds are perched, is depicted in relief with gilding and red outlines. Exterior: on the rim a frieze of gilded diamonds on a turquoise background are outlined in red. On the body, lobbed diamond cartouches contain a turquoise dot that is frequently gilded and outlined in red. Glaze runs over the foot ring unevenly with turquoise colouration on the extremity, the underside of the foot ring is coloured turquoise.

Production Place

Kashan (potter)

Iran (potter) (country) ()

Iranian (potter) (nationality) ()

Technique Description

buff fritware, wheel thrown, coated in an opaque white, crazed glaze with slip to create relief effect. Painted in the glaze in blue, turquoise and purple and red, black with gold leaf gilding over the glaze

Dimensions

height: (whole): 9 cm
width: (whole): 21 cm
diameter: (rim): 21 cm
diameter: (base): 8.8 cm
weight: (whole): 422 g

Period

late 12th or early 13th century

Date

circa 1175 to 1220

Provenance

bequeathed: Raphael, Oscar C. 1905-04-24 (Filtered for: Applied Arts collection)

Oscar Raphael Bequest

Oscar Raphel Bequest

Inscriptions/Marks

  1. inscription
    Position: interior neck
    Method: hand painted in blue
    Content: alif-lam-dal or kaf
    Description: a frieze containing blue Arabic script interspersed with turquoise leaves and red dots all separated by blue roundels containing wavey lines
    Interpretation:
    Language: Arabic or Persian
    Translation: possibly meaning 'Truth'
  2. label
    Position: exterior base (underside of foot ring)
    Method: printed, hand written in black
    Content: International Exhibition of Persian Art, London 1931 (printed), R 21 (hand written in black)
    Description: rectangular paper label with serrated top and bottom edges
    Interpretation: exhibition label
    Language: English
  3. label
    Position: exterior base (underside of foot ring)
    Method: printed (grey), hand written in black
    Content: coat of arms and “City of Manchester Art Gallery” (printed), “5414 / B.H – 196B” and “5367” (hand written, latter crossed through)
    Description: square paper label
    Interpretation: exhibition label
    Language: English
  4. label
    Position: exterior base (underside of foot ring)
    Method: hand written in black
    Content: 21
    Description: circular paper label
    Interpretation: possibly old object label

Documentation

  1. Atil, E. (1973) Freer Gallery of Art Fiftieth Anniversary Exhibition. III Ceramics from the World of Islam, Washington: Smithsonian Institution [page: 87, 109]
    [comments: Cf. identical inscription on inner neck of minai bowl see catalogue number37 (and F1945.8 on web site) and with relief decoration see catalogue number 48]
  2. Morgan, P. (1994) Iranian Stone-Paste Pottery of the Saljuq Period. Types and Distribution, : Oxford University Press [page: 147-247]
    Source title: Cobalt Blue and Lustre. The First Centuries of Islamic Pottery. The Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art. (
    [comments: Cf. similarly shaped bowl and inscription on inner rim see catalogue number 229. Cf. use of slip to create relief and gilding see catalogue number 235. Ref. on Minai and other Saljuq pottery]
  3. Watson, Oliver (2004) Ceramics from Islamic Lands, London: Thames & Hudson [page: 362-371]
    [comments: Cf. similar inscription on the inner neck and depiction of a horseman and rider see catalogue number Cat. P.3 (p. 368). Ref. on Minai]
  4. Pancaroğlu, O (2007) Perpetual Glory Medieval Islamic Ceramics from the Harvey B. Plotnick Collection, Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago [page: 108-113]
    [comments: Cf. minai with similar inscription around inner neck and depiction of horse and rider see catalogue number 69. Ref. on Minai wares]

Other Notes

Similar depiction of horseman but in lustre ware see OC. 162-1946

Accession Number

OC.158-1946 (Applied Arts)
(Reference Number: 77591; Input Date: 2004-03-11 / Last Edit: 2011-06-30)

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