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The Holy Family


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Title/s

The Holy Family

Maker/s

Milan Marsyas Painter (painter)

Caraglio, Giovanni Giacomo after (printmaker)

Parmigianino (Francesco Mazzola) after (painter) [ULAN info: Italian artist, 1503-1540]

Collection

C.B. Marlay

Category

tin-glazed earthenware
maiolica

Name

cover

School/Style

Renaissance

Description

Maiolica cover from an accouchement set bowl, painted in polychrome with the Holy Family.

Cover from an accouchement set bowl. Pale buff earthenware, tin-glazed overall. Painted in blue, turquoise-green, yellow, orange, black, grey, and white. Circular with a flange on the underside; the upper surface flat with a convex rim. The Holy Family in an architectural setting; on the rim, bound leaves and berries between concentric yellow bands. On the back, two putti standing on clouds support a shield bearing the arms sable, a fess or, a chief party per pale gules and argent two rosettes counterchanged flanked by the letters `ELI' and `PYA'; below, a winged putto's head. The background is blue above the arms and brown below. The flange and rim are yellow.

Production Notes

If not painted by the 'Milan Marsyas Painter' this was probably painted by Francesco Xanto Avelli da Rovigo

The Holy Family on the top of the cover was derived from the Adoration of the Shepherds, engraved by G.G. Caraglio after Parmigianino

Production Place

Urbino (painter) (place)

The Marches (painter) (region)

Italy (painter) (country)

Italy (printmaker) (country) ()

Italy (painter) (country) ()

Technique Description

Pale buff earthenware, tin-glazed overall. Painted in blue, turquoise-green, yellow, orange, black, grey, and white.

Dimensions

height: (whole): 1.9 cm
diameter: (whole): 19.2 cm

Period

2nd quarter 16th century
Renaissance

Date

circa 1531

Provenance

bequeathed: Marlay, Charles Brinsley 1912 (Filtered for: Applied Arts collection)

Signora Angela Beni, San Severino (Marche); given by her to Giuseppe Ranaldi (1790-1854). Alessandro Castellani; Paris, Hôtel Drouot, 28 May 1878, Catalogue des faïences italiennes . . . et de deux pièces de la célèbre porcelaine des Medicis, composant l'importante collection de M. Alessandro Castellani, lot 292; C.B. Marlay before 1887.

C.B. Marlay Bequest

Documentation

  1. Hôtel Drouot Catalogue des faïences italiennes . . . et de deux pièces de la célèbre porcelaine des Medicis, composant l'importante collection de M. Alessandro Castellani, 27-29 May 1878)
    [comments: Publ. lot 292]
  2. Burlington Fine Arts Club (1887) Catalogue of Specimens of Hispano-Moresque and Majolica Pottery Exhibited in 1887, London: Burlington Fine Arts Club [page: p. 49]
    [comments: Publ. p. 49, no. 340]
  3. Poole, Julia E. (1995) Italian Maiolica and Incised Slipware in the Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge, Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Press [page: pp. 333-5]
    [comments: Publ. pp. 333-5, no. 389; for the printed source, see p. 335, fig. 28]
  4. Poole, Julia E. (1997) Fitzwilliam Museum Handbooks, Italian Maiolica, Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Press [page: 64-5]
    [comments: Publ. pp. 64-5, no. 27]
  5. Musacchio, Jacqueline Marie (1999) The Art and Ritual of Childbirth in Renaissance Italy, New Haven and London: Yale University Press [page: pp. 146-7]
    [comments: Publ. p. 147 illustrated. Ref. See especially Chapter 4, Maiolica Wares for Childbirth, but there are many illustrations of comparable objects throughout the book.]
  6. Poole, Julia E. (2003) The Identification of Maiolica from Sanseverino, Faenza [page: 93]
    Source title: Faenza (2003)
    [comments: Publ. p. 93, and pl. I a.]
  7. Bandini, Giovanna (1996) "Delle Impagliate" ossia annotazioni intorno alle maioliche da puerpera cinquecentesche, Florence: Scientific Press [page: 59-109]
    Source title: Da donna a madre, vesti e ceramiche particolari per momenti speciali (1996)
    [comments: Ref. For the social background for accouchement sets. The Fitzwilliam's accouchement bowl cover is mentioned on p. 90. Cf. p. 91, fig. 41, a cover decorated with the Holy Family after Parmigianino in the Museo Correr, Venice.]

Other Notes

From at least the fifteenth century it was customary to give a new mother a little maiolica service to use during her recovery after childbirth. In Romagna and the Marches these became known as 'un servizio da impagliata' because the word 'impagliata' was used to describe a woman during her lying-in. According to Cipriano Piccolpasso (c. 1523/4-79) in I tre libri del Arte del Vasaio, written about 1557, the services usually had five pieces arranged on top of each other: a standing bowl covered by a trencher, a drinking bowl on a foot, and a salt and its cover. These sets are mentioned in many fifteenth and sixteenth century inventories but apart from a salt in the Victoria and Albert Museum, only bowls and covers appear to have survived. Most of them are decorated with scenes of childbirth, the washing of babies, or women with small children. Others have childbirth scenes from the Bible or classical mythology, or subjects connected with qualities, such as valour, which it was hoped the child would acquire.

Accession Number

MAR.C.60-1912 (Applied Arts)
(Reference Number: 77384; Input Date: 2002-07-02 / Last Edit: 2011-06-30)

Related Object

C.86-1961 - The Judgement of Paris

Related Image/s

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