Frans Francken, the Elder (1542-1616)
Etching by Anthony Van Dyck and engraving by an unknown printmaker, second state (of seven)
As with the portrait of Pieter Brueghel, Van Dyck portrays Frans Francken in a frontal pose but there are a number of differences: more light falls on Francken's face than on Brueghel's, and a pillar has been engraved behind Francken's head. This was done by another hand, but within Van Dyck's lifetime, as corrected proof impressions have been preserved that indicate the desired changes. Both Pieter Brueghel and Francken are drawn from the same low viewpoint and both men rest their arms in their cloaks. Francken looks out towards the viewer but his eyes do not meet ours exactly - his unveiled stare is at the outside world.
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