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Passport to the Egyptian Afterlife
The Book of the Dead of Ramose

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Book of the Dead: spell 77

Vignette from Ramose Book of the Dead

Vignette from Spell 77 of the
Book of the Dead of Ramose

Spells 77 enables Ramose to turn into a hawk of gold. The text tells us that his back is 7 cubits (about 3.7 meters) in length, with wings made of green stone and the head of a benu-bird (which can be seen in spell 83).

The picture for this spell shows a golden hawk-figure which is standing on a mat. It has a golden flail at its shoulder.

In Ramose’s Book of the Dead, as in many other examples, this spell is accompanied by spell 78 ‘for being transformed into a hawk’.

Translation of spell 77












Notes on Translation

  Spell 72  •  Spells Home  •  Spell 83