Finds from the Viking Wintercamp at Torksey
great army of the Vikings spent the winter of 872/873 at Torksey, Lincolnshire.
The previous year they been campaigning and over-wintered in London, and
the following year they moved to Repton, Derbyshire, where they defeated
the Mercian king, Burgred.
Finds from the site of the Viking camp suggest that the army and its followers
were actively trading, using silver and gold bullion as well as coinage,
and engaged in some metalworking in copper and perhaps silver.
coins and fragments of Arabic dirhams
and hack-gold, cut from ingots and ornaments
gaming pieces of Viking type
pieces of Anglo-Saxon metalwork,
silver and bronze, probably to be used for metalworking
sources, including donations by Michael Bonser.
Scandinavian hoard of Arabic dirhams, 9th cent.
group of whole and cut pieces of Umayyad and Abbasid dirhams is
evidently part of a 9th-century hoard from Scandinavia. They had
been in a private Scottish collection since the 1930s, and unfortunately
lost their provenance. Many of the pieces have test marks to check
the quality of the silver. Their state is typical of coinage that
has been used in a bullion economy, cut into pieces to be weighed
out in transactions.
by Dr and Mrs Marcus Phillips, 2000
CM.723.2000 - CM 761.2000
5.3 The Ashton (Essex)
Hoard, 1984. Deposited c.895.
The 70 or so coins in this hoard were mainly Viking
issues of the Southern Danelaw emulating Alfred's Two-Line type.
Two Carolingian coins represent a small foreign element in the hoard.
Ingots and coins from the Cuerdale (Lancs.) hoard
of the largest Viking silver hoards found in Europe, this treasure
contained some 7,500 coins and three times their weight in ornaments
and ingots. The coins, mainly issues of the York Vikings, the St
Edmund coinage, Alfred's Anglo-Saxon issues and Carolingian coins,
show that it was deposited c.905. The hoard demonstrates the survival
of a bullion economy among the Vikings in England.
The hoard was found in 1840 on land belonging to the Duchy of Lancaster.
After the British Museum had made a selection, the Duchy very generously
distributed parcels from the hoard to museums and collectors in
Britain and abroad. The 10 ingots here were presented to the Cambridge
Antiquarian Society in 1844.
Antiquarian Society transfer and various other sources
Thurcaston (Leics.) Hoard, 1992-2000. Deposited c.925.
This small hoard of twelve coins has a strong Viking
character, containing seven Anglo-Scandinavian and three Anglo-Saxon
pennies and fragments of two Arabic dirhams. Yet it was found in
an area where only Anglo-Saxon coins should have been in circulation,
since Leicestershire had been recovered by the Anglo-Saxons some
seven years earlier.
The hoard suggests that Scandinavian culture and
practices continued for a time after the reconquest in the East
5.6 The Beauworth
Hoard and the mints of Norman England
The largest hoard of silver pennies of Norman England ever found, containing
at least 8.000 coins, was discovered at Beauworth, Hampshire, in 1833.
Most of the coins in this great hoard belong to the PAXS type of William
I or William II, minted in the late 1080s at sixty-five different mints
in England and the parts of Wales under English control. Many of these
mints are mentioned in the Domesday Book survey of 1086, which shows that
some of them provided profits for churchmen.
William I or II pennies,
PAXS type, mostly from the Beauworth hoard, struck at seven of
the mints of the PAXS type: Bath, Durham, Hereford, Ipswich, Shrewsbury
William II (1087-1100) granted the right to
mint coins to the bishop of Bath.
The first coins of the bishop of Durham's mint belong
to the PAXS type.
In 1086 Domesday Book recorded that Hereford had
seven moneyers, one of whom worked for the bishop's profit.
In Domesday Book the Ipswich moneyers paid £20
a year to the king.
The Lincoln mint paid the king £75 a year.
Domesday Book states that the Shrewsbury moneyers
paid £1 each for new dies when the type was changed.
Shillington (Beds.) hoard
9 April 1871, workmen digging for coprolites (dinosaur faeces) to
be used as a fertiliser put a pickaxe through a small pottery jar
and several hundred silver Norman fell out of it. They were picked
up by the men, and the works manager, Mr Weston, recovered as many
as he could from the finders to give them to the Lord of the Manor,
George Musgrave Musgrave (1799-1883). Five weeks later, on 12 May
1871, Mr Musgrave presented 15 of the coins to Trinity College,
Cambridge. The College's acquisition register records the donation,
and the 15 coins remain part of its collection, which since 1937
has been on deposit in the Fitzwilliam Museum.
The hoard is interesting because it has two
parts. Most of the coins are of William II (1087-1100), and these
seem to have been gathered together in about 1095. But about 30
coins are from the middle years of Henry I's reign, and these seem
to have been added to the pot in about 1113. The register says that
of the 15 coins, 10 were of William II and 5 were of Henry I, but
in fact they were wrongly identified, and only two of the coins
are of Henry.
Lent by Trinity