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Eduardo Garcia Benito (1891-1981)
Notre artillerie lourde...
Allied flags fly on the forts of the Dardanelles
Woodcut with hand colouring through stencils. Publisher: Tolmer & Co. 1915.
Given by Sophie Gurney 1994

No. 52 from the 2nd series La Grande Guerre.

The Dardanelles or Gallipoli Campaign was launched by Britain and France against Turkey in an effort to occupy Constantinople. Britain was especially keen on this venture, and had been planning an offensive since 1907, but it had been postponed as potentially too dangerous. Winston Churchill, then Lord of the Admiralty, raised the idea in December 1914, as an easier way to defeat Germany. Securing the straits in the Dardanelles would give access to Allied shipping, and allow sorely needed supplies to reach Russia. The territory was heavily guarded with guns, mines and anti-submarine nets. A Franco-British fleet had bombarded the shore forts on 3 November 1914, but advantage was not taken and in the delay to make a move Turkey rebuilt the forts and sent in reinforcements. Allied landings were made on beaches, but troops were trapped there by Turkish defense, resulting in devastatingly high casualties. This print was issued just before German U-boats arrived in the area, blocking Allied supply lines.

This print and the one on the next page have a different feel to the rest of the series. Here this is due to the solid blocks of stencilled colour, and, in the other, the schematic black lines of the woodcut block.




The French caption with English translation:

LES DRAPEAUX ALLIÉS FLOTTENT SUR LES FORTS DES DARDANELLES
Le champ de bataille de cette grande guerre s'elargit chaque jour davantage. Les flottes alliées, préparant la route de Constatinople, ont commencé avec succès le bombardment des forts intérieurs des Dardanelles. Aidées par les hydroplans qui vont en reconnaissance, les flottes franco-anglaises ont détruit le premier et le second groupe des forts qui défendent de détroit; elles ont fait sauter la grande poudrière de Néohari et le phare de Kavaophonie. Pendant ce temps, des barques de pêche, montées par de matelots de la flotte, relèvent méthodiquement les torpilles turques.

Allied flags fly on the forts of the Dardanelles
The battlefield of the Great War widens every day. Allied fleets, preparing a route to Constantinople have successfully started the bombardment of the strong interiors of the Dardanelles. Assisted by hydroplanes on reconnaissance, the Anglo-French fleet destroyed the first and second group of forts defending the Strait. They blew up the gunpowder store of Neohari and the lighthouse Kavaphonie. Meanwhile, fishing boats manned by sailors of the fleet methodically removed Turkish torpedoes.

p.55-1994 (link to catalogue record)


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