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King Charles II (1630-1685)

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King Charles II (1630-1685)


Bushnell, John (sculptor) [ULAN info: c.1606-1701]








Long bust. Terracotta. The King's head is turned to the front, facing and looking half-right. He has a small moustache and a long, curling periwig, falling over both shoulders. He wears armour, with a double chain holding the Garter medallion of St George, a lace trimmed cravat tied in a bow, and a cloak draped over his left shoulder.

Production Place

England (sculptor) (country)

Technique Description



height: (whole): 78.5 cm


3rd quarter 17th Century
Charles II


circa 1678


given: Ingram, Bruce Stirling 1948 (Filtered for: Applied Arts collection)

This bust was bought in the early 1920s from the owners of the Mill Hill Estate, where it had been since 1877 in the possession of Mr Serjeant Cox, who had purchased it with the furniture, fittings, plate, and other materials of the demolished Serjeant's Inn, Chancery Lane, and re-erected the hall stained glass and all, at his home at Mill Hill. Sir Bruce surmised that the bust may have originally belonged to Francis North, 1st Baron Guildford (1637-1685), Lord Chancellor, who was highly esteemed by Charles II, and who, as Lord Keeper, erected the Chancery Lane Hall of Serjeants Inn, 1669-1677.

Given by Sir Bruce S. Ingram, O.B.E., M.C.


  1. Esdaile, Katharine A. (1926-7) Walpole Society, Vol. XV, [page: p. 40]
    [comments: Publ. The attribution to Bushnell was originally made by K. A. Esdaile, p. 40]
  2. Illustrated London News, (5th February 1927), [page: pp. 226, 238]
    [comments: Publ. pp. 226, 238]
  3. Esdaile, Katharine A. (1932-3) Walpole Society, Vol. XXI, [page: p. 106]
    [comments: Publ. The attribution to Bushnell was originally made by K. A. Esdaile, p.106]
  4. (1934) Exhibition of British Art,
    [comments: Publ. no. 143, lent by Mrs Bruce Ingram. Reproduced in Connoisseur 1959 (March) Treasures of Cambridge Exhibition.]
  5. Molesworth, Hender Delves (1951) Sculpture in England, Renaissance to Early XIX Century, London? [page: p. 13]
    [comments: Publ. Illustrated, pl. XIII and p. 13]
  6. Winter, Carl (1958) The Fitzwilliam Museum, An Illustrated Survey, London: Trianon Press
    [comments: Publ. Illustrated, no. 72]
  7. Winter, Carl (1959) Treasures of Cambridge (Illustrations), London?
    [comments: Publ. no. 10. Reproduced in the Listener (review of the exhibition) 26th March 1959, vol. LXI, no. 1565, p. 551; review by E.M. Forster. Reproduced in The Times, 17th March 1959, p. 20]
  8. Sutton, D. Aspects of British Collecting. 1. Early Patrons and Collectors, [page: p. 298]
    Source title: Apollo (November 1980)
    [comments: Publ. Illustrated, p. 298, pl. 1]
  9. (1982) Treasures of the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge (Cambs.): Pevensey Press [page: pp. 72, 73]
    [comments: Publ. Illustrated in colour, p. 72, and p. 73, no. 71]
  10. (2005) Treasures of the Fitzwilliam Museum, London: Scala [page: 144]
    [comments: Publ.]
  11. Gibson, Katharine The Cult of Charles II,
    Source title: The Royal Stuart Society (February 1995 (1996))
    [comments: Publ. Illustrated, Paper XLVII, delivered February, 1995 (1996), pl. 15, attributed to Caius Gabriel Cibber (c.1976). See her letter of 23rd August, 1996, for the reattribution.]
  12. (1956-7) Exhibition of British Portraits, London?
    [comments: Cf. A closely related marble bust of the king, belonging to the Hastings family at Melton Constable, is also traditionally attributed to Bushnell. It was no. 151 in the Exhibition of British Portraits, at the Royal Academy, 1956-7. Ht. 30 1/2 in.]
  13. Bilbey, Diane (2002) British Sculpture 1470 to 2000, A Concise Catalogue of the Collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London: V. & A. Publications [page: p. 38]
    [comments: Cf. p. 38, nos. 60 and 61, terracotta busts of two unknown men of c. 1670 attributed to possibly by a follower of John Bushenll. The Fitzwilliam's terracotta of Charles II is mentioned as by Bushnell under no. 60]

Other Notes

Accession Number

M.1-1948 (Applied Arts)
(Reference Number: 29779; Input Date: 2001-05-31 / Last Edit: 2011-07-22)

Related Image/s

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