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Campana-shaped vase

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Title/s

Campana-shaped vase

Maker/s

Meissen Porcelain Manufactory (factory)

Schubert, Johann David (designer) [ULAN info: German artist, 1761-1822]

Schaufuss, Heinrich possibly (painter) [ULAN info: German artist, 1760-1838]

Wollmann, Christian Traugott possibly (painter) [ULAN info: porcelain painter b. 1778]

Category

hard-paste porcelain

Name

vase

School/Style

Neoclassical

Description

Campana-shaped vase. Hard-paste porcelain, moulded, painted in blue, red, yellow, shades of grey and black enamels and gilt. Campana-shaped. The hollow, circular foot is moulded with bat's-wing fluting and rises in the middle to an anulet. It then flares upwards and outwards into an everted flange decorated with two rows of different leaves in relief. The rounded lower part of the body is decorated with leaves in relief and the lower parts of the handles are moulded with formal foliage. Above is a narrow vertical band above which the sides rise vertically and then flare outwards to the everted rim. The main field of the vase is decorated in shades of grey with a frieze showing the Emperor Trajan seated in front of six columns, accompanied by three men in togas and one in a short tunic. Below, continuing round the vase, is a queue of men, women and children. Below at the front in gold letters is the title 'ALIMENTA ITALIAE.' followed in black letters by an inscription which continues round the vase 'FOEMINARUM FOECUNDITATI GENITORUMQ: SPEI CONSULVIT PUBLICUS PARENS PER UNIVERSAM ITALIAM PUERIS PUELLISQ: ULPIIS ALIMENTARIIS INSTITUTIS.' Round the rim is a border of yellow corn sheaves and red cornucopiae with bunches of grapes dangling between them, separated by foliated scrolls from which are suspended blue lamps. Inside the rim there is a border of gilt, tapering vertical lines, and the relief ornament on the lower part is gilt.

Production Notes

The frieze was derived from the Arch of Constantine in Rome

Production Place

Meissen (designer) (place)

Meissen (painter) (place)

Meissen (painter) (place)

Meissen (factory) (place)

Saxony (factory) (state)

Germany (factory) (country)

German (factory) (nationality)

Technique Description

hard-paste porcelain, moulded, painted in n blue, red, yellow, shades of grey and black enamels and gilt

Dimensions

height: (whole): 43 cm
diameter: (rim): 26 cm

Period

early 19th Century

Date

circa 1815 to 1816

Provenance

bought: Throgmorton Trust PLC 1995 (Filtered for: Applied Arts collection)

The vase was presented in 1816 to Rudolf Ackermann (1764-1834), a native of Saxony, on behalf of the King of Saxony by the ambassador in London, Baron St. Just; by descent to Edgar Ackermann, 1920; Russell Button, Chicago; Rudi Leuser, Grand Rapids; Arthur Ackermann & Son Ltd, 1986; Throgmorton Trust PLC, London.

Purchased with the Sir Richard Jessel Fund, and with contributions from the Friends of the Fitzwilliam Museum and the National Art Collections Fund

Inscriptions/Marks

  1. mark
    Position: on the base
    Method: painted underglaze in blue
    Description: crossed swords
  2. mark
    Position: on the base
    Method: impressed
    Description: 'A' over '8'
  3. inscription
    Position: on exterior of vase

Documentation

  1. Ackermann, Arthur & Son Return of the Meissen Vase,
    Source title: The Repository of the Arts Magazine (Spring 1986)
    [comments: Publ. Front page, unnumbered]
  2. (1996) The Fitzwilliam Museum, Annual Report 1995, Cambridge (Cambs.) [page: 165]
  3. (1996) National Art Collections Fund Review 1995, London?: National Art Collections Fund [page: 17]
    [comments: Publ. p. 17, illustrated p. 16 lower pl.]
  4. Essen, Villa Hügel (1992) Metropole London, Macht und Glanz einer Welstadt 1800-1840, Essen [page: 73-4]
    [comments: Publ. p. 73-4, Julia Poole 'Cambridge, 4149 Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum, Meissen Vase']
  5. Duncan-Jones, Richard P. (1982) The economy of the Roman Empire, Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Press [page: 97-109]
    [comments: Ref. For Rudolph Ackermann, see Jervis, Simon, 'Rudolph Ackermann']
  6. Kunze, Joachim (1983) Angaben zu personalien bei der Königlichen Porzellan-Manufaktur Meissen aus den Jahren 1800 bis 1860, [page: 288-319]
    Source title: Keramos (July 1983)
    [comments: Ref. See Chapter 7, pp. 288-319, for Trajan's alimenta for the support of children.]
  7. Rückert, Rainer (1990) Biographische Daten der Meissner Manufakturischen des 18 Jahrhunderts, Munich: Bayerischen Nationalmuseum [page: 33]
    [comments: Ref. For the possible painters, see p. 33 for Schaufuss, see also p. 38 for Christian Traugott Wollmann]

Other Notes

There is related a pair of vases of the same form but with different decoration in the British Museum, Department of Medieval and Later Antiquities (MLA 1921,7-19,1 and 2). They were given by Henry Wagner in 1921 and hd been presented to his grandfather, Joshua Watson, according to the museum's label 'in recognition of his services as Secretary of a fund raised in England (1814-20) for the relief of distress caused by the Napoleonic devastation of Prussia.' The vases are decorated with Neptune on one, and Athene on the other, and have pale lilack bacgrounds to the seia/grey scenes. 1921,7-19,1 has underglaze blue crossed swords; 1921,7-19,2 has crossed swords underlgaze in blue above 4 (or another sword?) and B over 8 impressed.

Accession Number

C.7-1995 (Applied Arts)
(Reference Number: 98162; Input Date: 2004-01-16 / Last Edit: 2011-07-22)

Related Image/s

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