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Chongbyong


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Title/s

Chongbyong

Maker/s

Unknown probably (pottery)

Collection

Gompertz Collection

Category

stoneware
celadon

Name

kundika

Description

Kundika with willow and waterfowl design. Stoneware, thrown, with parts attached, incised and celadon-glazed. This vessel has an ovoid body with a small spout on one side, and a long neck, with a flanged swelling in the centre. The lower part of the body contracts to a splayed footring, giving it a stable shape. The upper part of the long neck is cut into octagonal form, and has incised cloud motifs on each facet, while the projecting ring shows lotus petals and scrolling foliage. The lower part of the neck is decorated with flying cranes among clouds. A classic-scroll border and youi-heads are finely incised round the shoulder, and a key-fret border and further youi-heads round the foot. The body itself shows willow trees on one side and reeds on the other, with ducks and lotuses, flying cranes and geese delicately engraved be-tween. The glaze has a clear, pale blue-green colour with a fine gloss, and evenly covers the entire vessel; a fine crackle covers the whole surface, and near the foot the glaze has in places discoloured. Five quartzite spur-marks are visible on the base, just inside the footring.

Production Notes

This type of kundika, which is modelled on bronze examples decorated with silver inlay, was very popular in the Koryo dynasty. Both shape and design are very similar to the metal counterparts. The kundika (Chongbyong) was used in Buddhist ceremonies as a container for water, which was filled in through the spout and sprinkled from the narrow mouth. Similar sherds were excavated at kiln no.7, Sadang-ri, Kangjin-gun, South Cholla province, and were produced in the mature period of Koryo celadon, in the first half of the twelfth century.

Production Place

Sadang-ri kilns (pottery) (kiln site) ()

Kangjin-gun (pottery) (county) ()

South Cholla province (pottery) (province) ()

Korea (pottery) (country)

Technique Description

stoneware, thrown, with applied lugs, incised and celadon-glazed

Dimensions

height: (whole): 34.7 cm
diameter: (maximum): 16.0 cm
diameter: (foot): 9.0 cm

Period

12th Century
Koryo Dynasty

Date

circa 1101 to 1150

Provenance

given: Gompertz, G.St.G.M., Mr & Mrs 1984 (Filtered for: Applied Arts collection)

Collection of Rev. Stanley T. Smith; sold at Sotheby's, London, 16th October 1951, Lot 28

Given by Mr and Mrs G. St. G.M. Gompertz

Documentation

  1. Gompertz, Godfrey St. George Montague The Development of Koryo Wares,
    Source title: Transactions of the Oriental Ceramic Society (1950-51)
    [comments: Publ. Illustrated, pl. 2d]
  2. Yangmo, Chung (1955) Sekai Toji Zenshu,
    [comments: Publ. Illustrated, vol. 13, pl. 55]
  3. Gompertz, Godfrey St. George Montague (1963) Korean Celadon and Other Wares of the Koryo Period, London
    [comments: Publ. Illustrated, pl. 96B (base only)]
  4. (2005) Treasures of the Fitzwilliam Museum, London: Scala [page: 127]
    [comments: Publ.]
  5. Palmer, J.P. Korean Ceramics,
    Source title: Apollo (February 1965)
    [comments: Publ. Illustrated, fig. 3]
  6. Gompertz, Godfrey St. George Montague (1968 (a)) Celadon Wares, London
    [comments: Publ. Illustrated, pl. 28]
  7. Medley, Margaret (1975) Korean and Chinese Ceramics from the 10th to the 14th Century, Cambridge (Cambs.)
    [comments: Publ. Illustrated, pp. 32-3, no. 68]
  8. (1976) Mayuyama: Seventy Years, Tokyo
    [comments: Publ. Illustrated, pl. 1120]
  9. Crighton, Robin A. The Gompertz Gift to the Fitzwilliam Museum,
    Source title: Korean Culture (December 1986)
    [comments: Publ. Illustrated, pl. 5]
  10. Figgess, John Korean Ceramics at the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge,
    Source title: Oriental Art (Winter 1990/1)
    [comments: Publ. Illustrated, fig. 1]
  11. Yun, Yong-I (2006) Korean Art from the Gompertz and Other Collections in the Fitzwilliam Museum, A Complete Catalogue, Cambridge (Cambs.): Cambridge University Press [page: 135-6]
    [comments: Publ. p.135-6, no.69]

Other Notes

Accession Number

C.55-1984 (Applied Arts)
(Reference Number: 16173; Input Date: 2000-11-23 / Last Edit: 2011-05-02)

Related Object

O.2-1984 - Chongbyong
C.55A-1984

Related Image/s

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