Albert I (1875-1934); ruler; struck in the rule of
Lester Watson Collection
Médaille Commémorative des Campagnes d'Afrique 1914-1917; denomination
The Great War of 1914-18 was not confined to the trenches of France. In particular, numerous overseas campaigns were pursued against German colonies in Africa and the Far East. From the Belgian Congo (now the Democratic Republic of Congo) attacks were mounted on German East Africa (now Rwanda, Burundi and part of Tanzania) and Cameroon (now split between Nigeria and modern-day Cameroon), as well as fighting in the British possessions of Rhodesia and on the frontiers of the Congo itself.
This medal was issued to participants in any of the Belgian state's campaigns in Africa during the Great War. Two issues were made, one in 1917 covering campaigns as far as 1916, and a later in 1918 which included the 1917 battles. A final bar was added in 1931.
The medal was issued in silver for European recipients, and bronze for Africans. This example, which is unnamed, is from the first issue in bronze. It is unnamed, and the recipient is thus unidentified. Lester Watson purchased the medal from the London dealer Baldwin in 1927.
Belgium, origin, country
weight, 16.73, g
diameter, 30.6, mm
loan; 2005; Cambridge in America
Gift of L. Hoyt Watson; ex Lester Watson Collection, bt Baldwin 1927
design; obverse; 1914*1916 / KAMERUN / OUESSO ASSOBAM / MULUNDU JAUNDE / AFRIQUE ORIENTALE ALLEMANDE / KIGALI / NYANSA UDJIJI / USUMBARA BIARAMULO / KITEGA / St MICHAEL / TABORA; Lion guardant with forepaws on rock with mountain pass background
design; reverse; Inscription divided by plant ornament
Watson Catalogue; 45
British and other Campaign and Gallantry Medals From the Collection of Lester Watson (d. 1959).
Cameroons (Belgium) 1914-16 (in bronze): unnamed
Object Number: LW.0042
(Coins and Medals)
(record id: 141253; input: 2007-03-27; modified: 2012-01-16)