circa 1700 circa 1710
Previously dated between 1680-1720
early 18th Century
Folding fan, double leaf of skin strengthened with net, painted in water colours and gilt. Sticks of ivory, shaped, pierced and strengthened at the upper and lower ends with mother-of-pearl and brass (19+2). Rivet with mother-of-pearl button and washers.
Double leaf of skin strengthened with net, painted in water colours and gilt. Sticks of ivory, shaped, pierced and strengthened at the upper and lower ends with mother-of-pearl and brass (19+2). Rivet with mother-of-pearl button and washers. Front: in the middle within an oval baroque cartouche, a shepherd kneels in front of a sleeping woman, besides whom stands Cupid holding a clock. On each side, reserved in a grand decoupé and pricked with foliate scrolls, there are two small vertical panels painted in imitation of red and gold lacquer, and four painted in colours with figures. The lower edge and left side have gilt formal borders. Reverse: In the middle within an oval baroque cartouche, there is a rocky wooded landscape through which runs a river towards a harbour, painted en camaieu in crimson. The lower edge and the left side have formal gilt borders. Sticks: the lower part of each is shaped and pierced to produce a row of daisy-like motifs, above which is a row of shells and a row of oval shaped pierced and carved with men playing musical instruments, putti, hounds and birds standing by baskets of fruit. Guards: carved in low relief below the shoulder with a man dancing, and above with a woman holding a scroll, a sunflower and an Oriental holding a spear. The back of the leading guard is plain; the back of the other is carved in low relief with a sunflower over a shell.
Germany, maker, country
Italy, maker, country
Three other decoupé fans of similar type are known, in the Royal Collection, Windsor, in the Bayerischen Nationalmuseum, Munich, and in the Barisch collection, Bielefeld. Some authorities have attributed this and three other decoupé fans with comparable decoration to Germany, and some, to Italy.
The Cupid holding a clock conveys the message that youth, beauty, and ardour are limited by the passing of time
net; leaf (back); modern to secure the small holes
water colouring; leaf
Double leaf of skin strengthened with net, painted in bodycolour and gilt. Sticks of ivory, shaped, pierced and strengthened at the upper and lower ends with mother-of-pearl and brass (19+2). Rivet with mother-of-pearl button and washers
length, guards, 27.9, cm
width, whole, 44.0, cm
bought; 1985-01-28; Anne, Countess of Rosse
Colonel Leonard C. Messel (1872-1953); his daughter Anne, Countess of Rosse (1902-1992)
Messel, Leonard; owner
Anne, Countess of Rosse; owner
Purchased with a grant from the National Heritage Memorial Fund and a gift from the Friends of the Fitzwilliam
old catalogue number; DR 2/5; The Messel-Rosse Collection; 1985
Armstrong, Nancy. 1985. Fans from the Fitzwilliam. A Selection from the Messel-Rosse Collection.Cambridge (Cambs.): Fitzwilliam Museum Enterprises Ltdp. pl. 3
Catalani, Carla. 1966. Waaiers.Bussum, Holland: C.A.J. van Dishoeckp. pl. 49
Gostelow, Mary. 1976. The Fan.Dublin: Gill and Macmillanp. 58
Publ. p. 58, pl. 5
Woolliscroft Rhead, G.. 1910. The History of the Fan.London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübnerp. 106
Durian-Ress, Saskia. 1987. Fächer, Kunst und Mode aus fünf Jahrhunderten.Munich: Hirmer Verlagp. 58
Cf. No. 4, illustrated in colour on p. 56 (front) and p. 57 (back). The author suggests Ignaz Preissler as a possible painter, and compares the fan with the Fitzwilliam Museum's example.
Roberts, Jane. Sutcliffe, Prudence. Mayor, Susan. 2005. Unfolding Pictures, Fans in the Royal Collection.London: Royal Collection Enterprises Limitedp. 38-9, 196
Cf. pp. 38-9, no. 2, and p. 196, no. 2, a comparable fan decorated with 'Diana with nymphs at play' on the front, and with a crimson monochrome shaw scene on the reverse. The authors attribute the fan to Italian, c. 1700, and do not support an attribution to Ignaz Preissler (1676-1741).
Barisch, Marie-Louise. Barisch, Günter. Kopplin, Monika. 2003. Fächer, Spiegelbilder ihrer Zeit.Munich: Hirmer Verlagp. 52-3
Cf. pp. 52-3, no. 19, decorated on the front with the Triumph of Galatea, and on the back with a crimson monochrome landscape, attributed doubtfully to Ignaz Preissler, Germany, c. 1710-20.
Thornton, Peter K.. Une des plus belles collections d'eventails du monde.
Source Title: Connaissance des Arts No. 134 (April-1963) : 94-99
Publ. p. 99, no. 6
Melville, Beryl. 1987. The Fan and Lace.London:
Source Title: Fans, The Bulletin of the Fan Circle International Autumn (1987) : 22-30
G.B. Hughes. Fans, Exotic and Rare.London:
Source Title: Country Life(28-March-1963)
Publ. p. 653, fig. 5
Armstrong, Nancy. The Enigma of the Four Decoupé Fans, Part IV.
Source Title: Fans, The Bulletin of the Fan Circle International 55 (Winter-1993) : 17-25
On going article
Object Number: M.8-1985
(record id: 117594; input: 2004-12-07; modified: 2012-09-18)