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Limestone ostracon


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Title/s

Limestone ostracon

Category

written document

Name

writing board

Description

writing board, part missing. Ruled Egyptian text in Demotic script from the 'Tale of Pedubastet'. Both the Egyptian Demotic language and Greek co-existed during the Ptolemaic period but Greek was the official language of administration. Demotic is a cursive form of hieroglyphic script. There are two holes across the left-hand edge, about 0.8 cm in diamter and 6 cm apart, of unknown purpose

Field Collection

Egypt

Dimensions

thickness 1.9 cm
length 16.3 cm
width 11.8 cm

Period

Ptolemaic period

Date

circa 332 B.C. — 30 B.C.

Provenance

bequeathed: Gayer-Anderson, R.G. (Major) 1943 (Filtered for: Antiquities)

Inscriptions/Marks

  1. inscription
    Position: recto
    Content: 1. ] r xhr 2. ] n na iwnw [n] pA grH 3. hr]wt gm.f pA xpr 4. ] Sm iw xrw.f xy Dd in 5. ] in wn ntr nty qy [r] pA ra 6. ] ... nb Htp. in wn gl-Sr 7. ] it wsir nsw irt-[n]-Hr-r.w in 8. ] ir.k Htr wn wat mrt (?) 9. X ]r n iwnw na tA-Hwt
    Interpretation: part of Petubastis cycle
    Translation: 1. ] about to happen. 2. ] to the men of Heliopolis [in] the night 3. feast ] He found what had happened 4. ] went, his voice being raised, saying, 'Is 5. ... ] ? Is there a god who is higher [than] Pre? 6. ] every [ ] rest? Is there a warrior 7. ] father Osiris King Inaros? Is 8. ] you are compelled (?). There is a boat (?) 9. Syria ] to Heliopolis [and] Natho (?)'
  2. inscription
    Position: verso
    Content: Dd xpr nty (?)
    Interpretation: probably practice signs rather than connected text (according to J.D.R.)

Documentation

  1. Ray, J.D.
    Two inscribed objects in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge [page: 247-251]
    Source title: Journal of Egyptian Archaeology (1972)

Material/s

limestone

varnish

Accession Number

E.GA.4695.1943 (Antiquities)
(Reference Number: 59142; Input Date: 2003-03-25 / Last Edit: 2011-07-12)

Related Image/s

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