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Limestone ostracon

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Limestone ostracon


written document


writing board


writing board, part missing. Ruled Egyptian text in Demotic script from the 'Tale of Pedubastet'. Both the Egyptian Demotic language and Greek co-existed during the Ptolemaic period but Greek was the official language of administration. Demotic is a cursive form of hieroglyphic script. There are two holes across the left-hand edge, about 0.8 cm in diamter and 6 cm apart, of unknown purpose

Field Collection



thickness 1.9 cm
length 16.3 cm
width 11.8 cm


Ptolemaic period


circa 332 B.C. — 30 B.C.


bequeathed: Gayer-Anderson, R.G. (Major) 1943 (Filtered for: Antiquities)


  1. inscription
    Position: recto
    Content: 1. ] r xhr 2. ] n na iwnw [n] pA grH 3. hr]wt gm.f pA xpr 4. ] Sm iw xrw.f xy Dd in 5. ] in wn ntr nty qy [r] pA ra 6. ] ... nb Htp. in wn gl-Sr 7. ] it wsir nsw irt-[n]-Hr-r.w in 8. ] ir.k Htr wn wat mrt (?) 9. X ]r n iwnw na tA-Hwt
    Interpretation: part of Petubastis cycle
    Translation: 1. ] about to happen. 2. ] to the men of Heliopolis [in] the night 3. feast ] He found what had happened 4. ] went, his voice being raised, saying, 'Is 5. ... ] ? Is there a god who is higher [than] Pre? 6. ] every [ ] rest? Is there a warrior 7. ] father Osiris King Inaros? Is 8. ] you are compelled (?). There is a boat (?) 9. Syria ] to Heliopolis [and] Natho (?)'
  2. inscription
    Position: verso
    Content: Dd xpr nty (?)
    Interpretation: probably practice signs rather than connected text (according to J.D.R.)


  1. Ray, J.D.
    Two inscribed objects in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge [page: 247-251]
    Source title: Journal of Egyptian Archaeology (1972)




Accession Number

E.GA.4695.1943 (Antiquities)
(Reference Number: 59142; Input Date: 2003-03-25 / Last Edit: 2011-07-12)

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